Kindergarten English Language Arts Curriculum

Kindergarten ELA - Grade Level Expectations

  • Foundational Skills

    · Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

    · Apply phonics and word analysis skills to decode (read) words:

    a. Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.

    b. Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

    c. Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).

    d. Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.


    Reading Literature

    · With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

    · With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.


    Reading Informational Text

    · With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

    · With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).



    Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to:

    · compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is . . .).

    · compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

    · narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.



    · Write upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

    · Write left to right, top to bottom, with appropriate spaces between words.

    · Speaking and Listening

    · Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.


    Conventions and Vocabulary

    · Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

    a. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

    b. Recognize and name end punctuation.

    c. Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short- vowel sounds.

    d. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.