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  • Module 3 Study Guide

    U.S. History 10: Module 3 Study Guide

    1. Stamp Act:The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament on March 22, 1765. The new tax was imposed on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used.
    2. Sons of Liberty: The Sons of Liberty was an organization that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies. The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government.
    3. Writs of Assistance: Writs of Assistance were search warrants issued to assist the British government in enforcing anti-smuggling provisions, trade and Navigation Laws in Colonial America. Writs of Assistance, or search warrants, authorized customhouse officers, with the assistance of a sheriff, justice of the peace, or constable, to search any house for smuggled goods without specifying either the house or the goods. And in a case of resistance, to break open doors, chests, trunks, and other packages (see provisions in 1767 Townshend Acts).
    4. Samuel Adams: One of the Independence movement’s most celebrated leaders and statesmen. An organizer of Boston’s Sons of Liberty, Adams conceived of the Boston Committee of Correspondence and coordinated Boston’s resistance to the Tea Act, which climaxed in the famous Tea Party. He represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress from 1774 through 1781, and was elected to the Massachusetts convention on the ratification of the Constitution in 1787.
    5. Boston Tea Party: On the night of December 16, 1773, Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty boarded three ships in the Boston harbor and threw 342 chests of tea overboard. This resulted in the passage of the punitive Coercive Acts in 1774 and pushed the two sides closer to war.
    6. Militia: Militia were men in arms formed to protect their towns from foreign invasion and ravages of war. 
    7. Lexington & Concord: The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.
    8. Loyalist: An American colonist who remained loyal to the British Crown (government)
    9. Declaration of Independence: The document establishing the United States as a nation, adopted on July 4, 1776. The declaration was ordered and approved by the Continental Congress and written largely by Thomas Jefferson.
    10. Thomas Jefferson: Virginia delegate to the Continental Congress who wrote the Declaration of Independence
    11. George Washington: Virginian who became Commander-in Chief of the Continental Army
    12. Mercenary: Professional soldier hired to fight for pay (Hessians)
    13. Battles of Saratoga: Turning point of the Revolutionary War: the Patriot’s victory convinced France to become allies with the U.S.
    14. Ally: a state formally cooperating with another for a military or other purpose, typically by treaty.
    15. Marquis de Lafayette: was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War for the U.S.
    16. John Paul Jones: was the United States' first well-known naval commander in the American Revolutionary War. 
    17. Lord Cornwallis: is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the Siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America.
    18. Battle of Yorktown: the final battle of the Revolutionary War.
    19. Republicanism: is an ideology of being a citizen in a state as a republicunder which the people hold popular sovereignty.
    20. Treaty of Paris of 1783: The Treaty of Paris of 1783, negotiated between the United States and Great Britain, ended the revolutionary war and recognized American independence.



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